Chinese Culture 


 Chinese Culture






The Land Of China -- Explore by Province


Hainan's Crystal-Clear Waters
Hainan Island, China's second largest island, is 30 kilometers off its southern coast. It's location is almost at the same latitude as the southern end of Haiwaii island of the USA. Being the center of southeast Asia on the west Pacific Rim, Hainan Island is the most convenient gate of Chinese communications with various southeast countries, and it is also the vital marine communication line of China to Southwest Asia, Africa, and Europe. It takes 1.5 hours to go from Sanya to Hong Kong and Bangkok, 3 hours to Singapore, 4.5 hours to Tokyo, and 5 hours to Guam by plane.

One of Hainan's Famous Golf Courses
Hainan became China's 31st province in 1988. In ancient times, disfavored officials were exiled to Hainan, and they had to live a hard life. Today, the province is being developed as a very special economic zone with flexibility and openness in developing foreign trade. Thousands of ambitious business men, technicians, and engineers rush to this island from inland China to help its development. A large percentage of the population are tribal minorities while many still wear their distinctive, beautiful dress. Hainan's capital city, Haikou, is pleasant, and visitors can enjoy the beaches at Sanya. Also at Sanya, one can visit a pearl farm and Ends of the Earth.

Sanya Bay
Sanya city is located at the southern end of Hainan Island and is an important part of China's foreign trade at the southern borders as well as the political, economic and cultural center in southern Hainan. In accordance with the overall planning of the city, promoting tourism and consequential bringing up the rest of business have been the strategic concepts for the economic development of Sanya City, with the utmost goal of making it an international tropical sea resort tourist city which transcends the turn of the century.

Sunset at Sanya
The space of Sanya City totals 1919 square kilometers with a population of 400,000 people of which 100,000 are urban residents. Here we have advantageous geological locations, nice weather conditions, rich sea resources and unique tropical tourism scenarios and various tourist sights. Within the city, green hills and blue waters interlace with blue seas, white and wide beaches, and long coastal lines, together with clear sunshine and pure air make the city an ideal place. Sanya is known for the ten wonders; sunshine, sea water, beach, weather, forest, animals, fountains, caves, local minorities, and gardens.

Tianyahaijiao - "the End of the Earth"

Tianyahaijiao means "the end of sky and the corner of the sea" and is a scenic spot located at the southwest seaside of Sanya. The overall plan of the area includes a land area of 10. 4 square kilometers and a sea area of 6 square kilometers.

In ancient China, the Tianyahaijiao was a place especially for exiled criminals during the feudal dynasties, and few of them succeeded in returning to their homes. With so many difficulties and barriers ahead of their lives, the exiles felt when looking out to the sea that they were staring at the edge of the sky and viewing the corner of the sea, as if there were no end to their strife. Roaming in Tianyahaijiao, anyone can see the dreamlike coastal scenery in the fantastic southern atmosphere and soon will be lost in wild and fanciful thoughts: Is there a sea beyond the sea and a sky beyond the sky? Thus, the name of Tianyahaijiao (the Remotest Cape of the Earth) came into being.

"Tianya" - the Edge of the Sky
The beautiful natural sceneries and stone carvings here are unique and famous in the world. The green water and the blue sky here are of one hue, together with the magical mists, rolling waves, sailing boats, dancing coconut trees, and stone forest form a beautiful poetic picture. There on the beach stands huge rocks on which the Chinese characters of Tianya (the edge of the sky), Haijiao (the corner of the sea), Nantian Yizhu (a pillar stands up in the southern sky), and Haipan Nantian (the sea judges the southern sky) were respectively engraved and have become unique scenic spots in Hainan.

a Fantasy Night at Tianyahaijiao
The bathing beach, the fishing platform, and the pleasure-boats can provide interesting activities for tourists, and the mountain tour is another attractive route for its Dianho Tai (Torch-lit Tower of the 11th Asian Games), Wanghai Ge (Seaview Pavilion), Huaisu Ting (Pavilion for Memory of Dr. Su Dongpo), and the winding paths up to the mountains. The Tianya Shopping Village, a combination of modern construction and typical, traditional Chinese garden styles, is a very good place for tourists to enjoy food, shop, and go sightseeing.

The sunlight rays on the fences here offers green grasses and colourful flowers that make you feel like you're standing in country fields. The Tianya sunrise and the Haijiao sunset make you feel like you're standing in a fantasy world of the sun coming up at dawn or going down the rocks at dusk.

Haitang Bay in Hainan
Luhuitou (Turn Round Deer) Park was built in 1984 and is located in the Luhuitou Peninsula at the southern tip of Sanya. It has an area of 110,000 square meters and is composed of five hills, while its south, east, and west sides are surrounded by the sea. The East Hawkskill Turtle Island and the West Hawkskill Turtle Island always catches the eyes of tourists, and the Yulin Bay is at the east end of the park.

The name of the park "Luhuitou" comes from an ancient fairy story of the Li nationality. The ancient fairy story says that a young hunter of Li nationality, with a hankerchief surrounded his head and bow and arrows in hands, was chasing a hillside deer from the five-finger Mountains to the seashore of the South China Sea. A vast sea under the cliffs lying in front, the deer had no way to go as the hunter drew his bow, about to shoot at the deer. Suddenly, flames flashed and fog rose up to the sky, and the hillside deer turned her head around and became a beautiful young Li girl.
Rays of Sun
Astonished by this, the hunter put his arrow down and fell in love with her, and the two became an affectionate couple.

They lived on this land, hacking their ways through brambles and thorns, building their thatched cottage, farming and weaving, fishing and hunting, and planting coconut trees to make their living . Generation after generation, a mountain village of the Li nationality came into being. According to this folklore, people called the village Luhuitou (Turn-round Deer).

The decison of sculpturing the statue of Luhuitou (Turn-round Deer) was made by the People's Goverment of the Hainan Li & Miao Autonomous Prefecture and Sanya People's Goverment in 1983.
Luobi Cave
The famous sculptor Lin Yuhao was invited to create the masterpiece. The height of the statue is 15 meters and it is the largest granite statue on the Island. After a tour of Luhuitou, tourists will find that a kind of deep emotion appears in their hearts, that they do not want to leave. After 10 years hard work, the tourist facilities of the Luhuitou Park are now perfected. Tourists can take a walk on the paths among the trees and flowers or take a rest at the wayside pavillions. Every year, more than 600,000 tourists come to this ideal place for sightseeing.

Dadong Sea
Dadong Sea
20 kilometers away from Sanya Phoenix International Airport, between the Yulin Harbour and the Sanya urban district, lies the Dadong Sea. The sea is known as China's "Golden Coast", with its beautiful sceneries that are full of attraction. The famous "Donghai Morning Sunlight" is one of the Eight Sights of ancient Yazhou. It's an ideal place for diving and sea bathing with its crystal-clear sea water, soft and white sand, bright sunshine, fresh air, rich woods, wonderful undersea worlds, stange rocks, colourful corals, shells, fish, and seaweeds.

Relaxing at Dadong Sea
In 1991, Dadong Sea was developed into a multi-functional tourist place with good facilities for sightseeing, vacations, and leisure tours. In this area there are many attractive tourist facilities, such as high or middle class hotels, guest houses, holiday resorts, the national diving training base, sea bathing sites, fresh-water swimming pools, water paradise, singing and dancing halls, tennis courts, gyms, and more. As Dadong Sea is a vacation and leisure area, more and more tourists come to the place for holidays and sightseeing. In 1994, the Area welcomed 1.95 million tourists at an annual increase rate of 25%.

Yalong Bay
Yalong Bay

Yalong Bay is 20 kilometers southeast of Sanya City and 270 kilometers from Haikou. Its climate is tropical monsoon, and the annual average temperature is 25.5° C.

Yalong Bay is at present a national tourist and holiday resort at the southern end of China. It clearly holds the potential to be a world-class first-rate tropical seaside resort with a rich and unique culture of different nationalities. In view of this, the State Council, on the fourth of October in 1992, approved the establishment of the Yalong Bay National Tourist and Holiday Resort. The tourist area faces the sea at its south like a crescent moon, and hills stand at its east, north, and west sides. The islets in the sea outside the Yalong Bay are really attractive with the Wild-pig Island at the center and the East Islet, the West Islet, the East Reefs, and the West Reefs scattered around.

a View from Yalong Bay
Yalong Bay has typical tropical seaside sceneries and landscapes. Apart from fine sandy beaches, crystal clear seawater, the bay can offer all-year-round wonderful tourist attractions of sunshine, a nice and warm climate, interesting animals, exotic rocks and cliffs, and unique native cultures along with a stream, two reefs, three islets, four bays, five lakes, and ten ridges. When the construction of the tourist resort is completed, Yalong Bay will surely become a seaside resort paradise with its resort villages, hotels, luxury villas, membership clubs, holiday apartments, international conference centers, dutyfree shops, golf club, tennis courts, underwater restaurant, aquatic sports centers, yacht clubs, lakeside park, swimming beaches, and peak-view areas.

Xiao Dongtian
the Beautiful Stone Formation of Xiao Dongtian

The Haishan Spectacle Landscape Tourist Area (formerly called Ao Mountain Daxiao Dongtian) is located at Yazhou Bay, 40 kilometers west from the Sanya urban district. It has been 805 years since Zhou Kang and Mao Kui, the prefectures of the Song Dynasty, often came to pioneer here.

Haishan Spectacle Landscape, meaning the wonder of Hill and Sea, is characterized by its clear sea water, green hills, and pretty rocks, and is known as the best scenic spot ini Zhuya of Ancient China. Along the Yazhou Bay tourists can see sparkling and majestic sea water, thick woods, lush groves in the Ao mountains, and groups of cliffs of exceptionally graceful shape on the shore. The scenery looks like a beautiful archaic scroll of landscape. Many ancient poets composed many wonderful poems about the beautiful scenery.

Small yet Beautiful
In the tourist area, there are a lot of engravings of ancient poetry, such as "Celestial Platform", "Haishan Spectacle Landscape", "Celestial Feet", "Swordtest Peak", "Xiao Dong-tian", and more. Scenic spots include: "Large and Small Celestial Peaches", "Celestial Toad Looking up towards the Moon", "Copulating Frogs", "Aoshan Mountain with the Coco", "Stone Boat," and "An Old Celestial Man Lying on the Sea". The Haishan Spectacle Landscape, offering tourists sightseeing, holiday resorts, and sea entertainments, is definitely "A Celestial Land on Earth".

Hainan Countryside
Folk Villages
Hainan-China's Nationality Village is located in Tong Zha City, also known as the Jadeite City, and is famous for its summer resorts. The city is situated at the southern foot of the Five-Finger Mountain. The Cultural Village is invested by Tong Zha International Recreation Center and is a large complex of cultural landscapes consisting of various estates, architecture, folk customs, and folk arts of various nationalities.

Inside the cultural village are more than 20 different kinds of estates built on the basis of their original landscapes. There are bamboo buildings, boat-shaped houses, and log houses, triple-houses with a court buildings in front, eathern houses, mongolian tents and quadrangles. Visitors can also see other attractions such as a drum-shaped building, a wind and rain bridge, three pagodas, a calendar column, and the Great Wall. All of them are beside different villages, delicately arranged and in perfect harmony with the natual settings.

a Country Farm
Minority actors and actresses from different parts of the country offer such dances as the Bamboo Dance, the Rattle Stick Dance, the Peacock Dance, the Munao Dance, the Pot Dance, and other forms of singing and dancing. People can also enjoy the performances played with such musical intruments as the ding dong, the mang drum, the elephant's leg drum, the reed-pipe wind instrument, various plucked stringed instruments, and the Sanxian, a three- stringed plucked instrument from the Han nationality.

the Beach at Morning
Visitors can also see the lively and grand folk festival celebrations of minority nationalities, among which there are the Water-Splashing Festival, Sanyuesan, March the 3rd of the Chinese Lunar Calendar of the Li and Miao nationalities, the Torch Festival, and more. In other cutural villages, Visitors will also enjoy various kinds of ritual performances which are simple and unsophisticated. Each of these amusements has its own features. Tourists find them pleasing to both their eyes and minds.

The Cultural Village also offers different diets of minority nationalities, which are of unique flavour. These include Shanlan wine, Bamboo Rice, Three Brewed Tea, Salted Fish, and Fried milk. As the largest minority nationalities' customs sightseeing area in Hainan, the Cultural Village also owns a four-star hotel and some other complete sets of facilities designed for holidays and recreation.