Chinese Culture 


 Chinese Culture






The Land Of China -- Explore by Province


Jiangxi is in South China, south of theYangtze River. Surrounded by mountains, Jiangxi is abundant in lakes and rivers. It is a main rice-producing province in China and also produces tea, timber, and bamboo. Because of its water resources, Jiangxi is an important area for fresh water fishery. The capital city of Jiangxi is Nanchang, which is also the political, economic, and cultural center of the province. Another famous city in Jinagxi is Jingdezhen, also known as the Porcelain City of China.

Jiangxi Province has a long revolutionary history. On August 1, 1927, the Chinese Communist Party led the famous August 1 Nanchang Uprising. In the Jinggangshan Mountains the revolutionary red base was established and was led by Mao Zedong in 1927. The city of Ruijin was once the capital of the Central Revolutionary Base. Anyuan was where the early worker movement took place. Jiangxi also has famous tourist attractions: Mount Lushan, the Jinggangshan Mountains, Jingdezhen, and many other sites of historical significance.

Jiujiang is a large port on the south bank of the Yangtze, between Wuhan and Nanjing. It is bounded on the east by Poyang Lake and on the south by Mt. Lushan. Its Donglin Temple is the birthplace of the "Pure Earth" sect of Buddhism (founded over 1,500 years ago). The Poyang Lake Migrant Birds Reserve is said to be the largest in the world. Visitors can go to the Yanshui Pavilion, a 1840-square-meter island in the middle of Lake Gantang covered with gardens and pavilions.

Yanshui Pavillion, Mist and Water Pavillion
Yanshui Pavillion

Standing on a 1,400 square meter isle in Lake Gantang, Yanshui Pavilion is located in the center of Jiujiang City. Though called a pavilion, it is a series of structures connected by corridors and small paths. Beautiful names have been given to the various buildings, such as the Chuanting Hall, the Cuichaoxian Pavilion, the Jingbo Tower, and the Jinyue (Moon-Reflection) Pavilion.

Yanshui Pavilion has a long history, and got its name from the famous Tang Dynasty poet Bai Juyi. When he was banished from the capital, he stayed in Jiangzhou (present-day Jiujiang) and often visited a favorite spot on the isle. Here he wrote a poem with the following famous lines:

Sitting by the water and holding a soft branch of willow, I gradually recall all the past events which seem to be happening in a previous existence.
Lu Shan
To commemorate this gifted poet, a pavilion was built on the place and was called Moon-Reflection Pavilion from a line in another famous poem, The Song of Pipa. It was not until the Song Dynasty when the pavilion renamed again to Yanshui Pavilion (Mist and Water Pavilion). The name has been used ever since.

Lu Shan
Lushan, in Jiujiang, is one of China's most famous mountains. Its scenery has attracted tourists throughout all of China's history.
a Lu Shan Peak
Numerous legends and fables have been told about its points of interest, and now it has been classified as a National Park under state protection.

Lushan is abundant in scenic spots, springs, rocks of fancy shapes, and waterfalls, for which it is especially famous. In the summer Lushan is a perfect resort place, and in the winter it presents a unique snow clad mountain view. On the mountains there are also many ancient temples and Buddhist cultural relics.

Three Step Waterfall
Among the many waterfalls of Mount Lu, theThree Step Waterfall, known as the first wonder of nature on Lushan, is the most prominent. Formed on a three-step ice staircase, it is fed by spring waters from high precipices of the Five Old Men Peak and the Great Moon Hill. Crashing down the terraces of the hill, it cascades into a three-step fall. Enchanted by its serene and beautiful night scene, the great painter Zhao Ziang of the Yuan Dynasty wrote poetically of it: "Flowing like a jade curtain it falls a thousand feet. The crescent moon is the curtain hook hanging high in the night sky."

Hanpo Pass
Lying between Five Old Men Peak and the Nine Wonder Peak is a mountain range below, a colossal depression known as Hanpo Pass. Stone steps from a stone structure at one end of the mountain lead to Hanpo Pavilion at the top. This is the best place to view a panoramic scene with Poyang Lake receding into the distance. Especially in the mornings one can have a perfect view of the sun rising in the east. Here, tourists can also watch the fleeting clouds arising from every side, whirling within the confines of the Hanpo Pass.

Jingdezhen, in northeast Xiangxi, has a population of 290,000. Jingdezhen is especially famous for its manufacture of porcelain and is known as the Porcelain Capital of China. Jingdezhen has a history of porcelain-making that goes back more than 1,000 years. In as early as the Sui and Tang Dynasties, porcelain-making here was already well-known, and the porcelain products are described as Jade-like wares. Jingdezhen has also become a tourist attraction. Many spots to visit are connected with the porcelain-making, such as the Museum of Ceramic History, the Ancient Hutian Kiln Site, and various porcelain factories.

Mount Sanqing
Located in Dexing City southeast of Jingdezhen, Mount Sanqing used to be a sacred place for Taoist activities. It is now classified as a National Park under state protection. Mount Sanqing, also known as Shaohua Mountain, is famous for its three peaks: Jujing Peak, Yuhua Peak, and Yuxu Peak, which resemble the three gods worshipped in Taoism. The main peak, Yujing Peak, is as high as 1,817 meters above sea level. On Mount Sanqing there are also rocks of various shapes and a number of Taoist buildings such as pavilions, gates, palaces, halls, and other buildings. It has become an attractive place for tourists.

Located in Shangqing County of Yingtan, the Heavenly Masters Mansion used to be the residence of Taoist masters. The mansion was built during the years of Yongjia of the Western Jin Dynasty (307 - 313). It was renovated several times in the later years. Now the mansion occupies an area of 6,000 square meters with a complex of buildings. Presently there are three halls, three courtyards, and more than 500 houses.

Twenty kilometers south of Yingtan is a famous mountain recognized as the sacred mountain of Taoism, Mount Long-Hu meaning "Mount Dragon and Tiger", which is now classified as a state protection park.
Mount Long-Hu
The name Dragon and Tiger was given because there are two peaks standing face to face portraying a dragon and tiger glaring at each other. In the area are 99 peaks and 66 scenic spots. Shangqing River flows in the mountains as it passes though all the main scenic spots. According to the legend, the founder of Chinese Taoism Zhang Ling (the first Taoist Master) once stayed here and conducted Taoist activities. From then on Mount Long-Hu became an important place for Taoist activities for over 1,900 years.

The Jinggangshan region, situated in the Laoxiao mountains along the Hunan-Jiangxi border, played a crucial role in Chinese revolutionary history. In October 1927 Mao Zedong, leading the Autumn Harvest Uprising army, came to Jinggangshan to set up the first rural revolutionary base. The struggles experienced by Mao Zedong in Jinggangshan signifies the beginning of the revolutionary road toward victory. Now Jinggangshan has become a tourist attraction. Scenic spots include Huangyangjie Pass, Ciping, Jinggangshan Revolutionary Museum, and other sites of revolutionary significance.

Tengwang Pavillion
Tengwang Pavillion
The Tengwang Pavilion in Nanchang is one of the three famous towers south of the Yangtze River. The tower stands on the bank of the Ganjiang River. In 659, the Governor of Hongzhou, Li Yuanying (brother of Li Shimin, Emperor of the Tang dynasty) built a tower for his villa on the bank of the Ganjiang River. People called it Tengwang pavilion when he was made the Prince of Teng. In the later years the tower became a gathering place for scholars to recite poems and sing. The famous poet of the Tang Dynasty, Wang Bo, wrote a famous essay here, "Notes on Tengwang Pavilion", which made the pavilion even more well-known. The tower has been destroyed 28 times, and in 1983 it was rebuilt. It is 45 meters high with an area of 5,600 square meters. From the exterior the tower appears that it has three stories, but inside it actually has five.

Immortals Cavern
The Immortals Cavern cave is below the Buddhas Hand rock and at the foot of a high cliff. Cone-shaped at the top with trees providing shade, the cavern is said to be the place where Lu Dongbin (a character in Chinese fairy tales) meditated and became one of the Eight Immortals who crossed the sea by displaying his respective power.
Hundred-Flower Islet
Inside the cave is a hall carved of stone with a stone statue of Lu Dongbin in it. Crystal clear water drips all year round from crevices in the rocky walls of the cavern, forming a pool called One Drop Spring. Containing a high percentage of minerals, a coin can float on the water.

Hundred-Flower Islet
The Hundred Flower Islet has a hill on top of which stands a pavilion, Guanao Pavilion. The islet is situated in the center of a lake. In ancient times, famous poets and men of letters liked to visit the place to write a number of writings about its surrounding scenery.